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• Source country for women and children subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking.

• Reports indicate sex and labor trafficking have increased, particularly due to a lack of economic development and a decline in the rule of law during the current political crisis starting March 2009.

• Child sex tourism problem exists in coastal cities, including Tamatave, Nosy Be, Diego Suarez, and Majunga

•  Main child sex tourists seen in Madagascar are French, German, and Swiss.

• Police seen as corrupt and sometimes complicit in trafficking.

• Rape of a child or a pregnant woman was punishable by hard labor.

• UN Population Fund estimated in 2006 that one of three women in the southern and southeastern section of the country would suffer from violence.

• 2007 Ministry of Health found  of 400 women surveyed in Antananarivo, 45% were subjected to psychological violence and 35% to physical violence.

• Sex tourism an increasing problem with the growth of the tourism before the crisis and the economic crisis and lack of legitimate employment opportunities since.



• Asia Pacific Network of Sex Workers is a coalition of sex worker groups and projects working on issues of HIV and human rights for female, male and transgender sex workers across Asia and the Pacific.

• NGOs provide counseling, legal services, and medical care, or referred victims to government hospitals


Sources: U.S. Department of State 2010 Human Rights Report, U.S. Department of State Trafficking in Persons Report 2011