- Afghanistan missing an estimated 900,000 women due to cultural preferences.
- Afghanistan is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking.
- Some Afghan women and children are forced into prostitution in Iran and Slovenia.
- Women and girls from Iran, Tajikistan, and possibly Uganda and China are reportedly forced into prostitution in Afghanistan.
- Brothels and prostitution rings are sometimes run by foreigners, sometimes with links to larger criminal networks.
- Tajik women also are believed to be trafficked through Afghanistan to other countries for prostitution.
- Trafficked Iranian women transit Afghanistan en route to Pakistan.
- An estimated 70 to 80% of marriages are forced and 87% of women face at least one form of physical, sexual, or psychological violence or forced marriage in their lifetimes.
Sources: US Department of State Trafficking in Persons Report 2011; Stephan Klasen and Claudia Wink, University of Munich: A Turning Point in Gender Bias in Mortality? (2001); Human Rights Watch World Report 2012