• Source country for women and children subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking.
• Reports indicate sex and labor trafficking have increased, particularly due to a lack of economic development and a decline in the rule of law during the current political crisis starting March 2009.
• Child sex tourism problem exists in coastal cities, including Tamatave, Nosy Be, Diego Suarez, and Majunga
• Main child sex tourists seen in Madagascar are French, German, and Swiss.
• Police seen as corrupt and sometimes complicit in trafficking.
• Rape of a child or a pregnant woman was punishable by hard labor.
• UN Population Fund estimated in 2006 that one of three women in the southern and southeastern section of the country would suffer from violence.
• 2007 Ministry of Health found of 400 women surveyed in Antananarivo, 45% were subjected to psychological violence and 35% to physical violence.
• Sex tourism an increasing problem with the growth of the tourism before the crisis and the economic crisis and lack of legitimate employment opportunities since.
• Asia Pacific Network of Sex Workers is a coalition of sex worker groups and projects working on issues of HIV and human rights for female, male and transgender sex workers across Asia and the Pacific.
• NGOs provide counseling, legal services, and medical care, or referred victims to government hospitals
Sources: U.S. Department of State 2010 Human Rights Report, U.S. Department of State Trafficking in Persons Report 2011